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What does hua biao signify?

“hua biao”(ornamental pillar) is an exquisite structure in ancient Chinese architecture. It is mostly erected in front of bridges, palaces, city walls and tombs as symbols and ornamentals. It emerged in the late period of the primitive society and experienced a long historical evolution. People set up wooden posts at major crossroads as their street signs. People could also write their criticisms on them. It was a symbol to show the monarch’s willingness to accept the views of the common people. With the on-going of history, the function and form of it developed and changed. Wood was gradually replaced by stone. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it formed a basic pattern: stone-made, with an exquisitely carved Xumi base and an eight-angled or a round post on it. For emperors, the surface of the post would be carved with flying dragons up and down, and for others, with ordinary designs or just plain-surfaced. A decorative board was installed across the upper part of the post and a round plate with chains of pearls was placed on the board. At the top of the plate there stood a stone mythological animal called “hou”. Both in front of and behind Tian’an men were erected a pair of “hua biao” made duing the Yongle Period(1403-1422A.D.) of the Ming Dynasty. The “hou” on the pair in front of Tian’an men, facing south, were called “wang jun gui”(awaiting the emperor’s return). It was supposed that their duty was to watch over the emperor’s behavior when he went on an inspection tour, and to summon him back to attend to the state affairs rather than the outside. Behing Tian’an men, the “hou” facing north was called “wan g jun chu”(awaiting the emperor’s emergence), to remind the emperor to often go out to see his people, and not indulge in the disdipated court life.

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Richard | UK

Intensive One on One Chinese Classes

This is my second time coming. Last year, I also came for about 12 weeks. This time I came for 13 weeks. The reason why I particularly want to come to this school was because of the one-on-one classes. I was able to increase my level and learn more quickly than group classes. If I have a chance again to come next year, I certainly will.

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Robert | Netherlands

Small Group Chinese Class

Since last semester, we started studying Chinese at Keats. It was the best choice we can ever make. It is a really good school. The classes are a lot of fun, you learn a lot, but very interactive, so you talk a lot which means it is not just books and writing. Kunming is a really pleasant city to live, especially if you compare it to other cities in the east. If you like to travel, if you like to study Chinese in a fun way, Keats is the place for you.

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Du Wenyu | Netherlands

Intensive One on One Chinese Classes

So during my first week at Keats, I didn’t dare to speak any Chinese words. I found out that my Chinese level quickly improved since then. Although I have many options to study in China, for example some other schools have homestay, I found I could immerse myself and fully focus on learning Chinese by staying at Keats.

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Josh | USA

Small Group Chinese Class

I really had a wonderful experience at the school. The teachers are very very friendly. In my class, we practice speaking, listening, reading and writing. We play games and other fun activities. We have trips around town. The staff at Keats is phenomenal. My teacher is one the best teachers I have ever had in my educational experience. She comes in with smile every day.

Paul | UK

Intensive One on One Chinese Classes

All teachers are really lovely. The teaching level at Keats is so much higher. I really love the city. It is very comfortable to get around. I fully recommend Keats. It is a great place to come. We are looking forward to coming back again later this year.

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Hilary | USA

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I’ve had a really great time here. I’ve studied a lot with my teacher who was fantastic. Keats School tried very hard to match its students with really good teachers that their personality works very well together. I really enjoy the school and I will definitely come back.

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Martine | France

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I really enjoy this place because we have private lessons. I took the 6-hour program, 4 hours in the morning, 2 in the afternoon. Even though it is quite a lot, the teaching is complimentary. This is very helpful because I could review what I did before and learn new things. My 2 teachers are fantastic. We live in the school, so it is convenient. It is interesting to me to meet people from all over the world.

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Sully | France

Small Group Chinese Class

All my classmates stay together for one year and we improved so much! The teachers are all very great. They like to organize a lot of activities to help us learn Chinese.

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