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Why We Can’t Say 这本书很趣味 in Chinese Language?

During the learning process, overseas students often make mistakes of various types. Generally speaking, the mistakes made in the aspect of noun are not so frequently but mainly those as follows. The first condition is that noun can be misused as verb, acting as predicate alone. Some students often make sentences like 我觉得有好处,也坏处when they study in Mandarin language courses in China. In fact, 坏处in the sentence is a noun but the students often use it as a verb. Accordingly, 也坏处should be changed into 也有坏处.

Another mistake often made by Chinese language learners is to misuse noun as adjective, functioning as predicate. Let’s take the sentence 他对我们非常友谊as an example. This sentence intends to express that he is very friendly. However, as a matter of fact, 友谊is a noun means friendship. This mistake is made because many students regard the noun as adjective to make sentences.

In addition, as we know, the foreigners who attend to Chinese school in China are from different countries in the world with various cultural backgrounds. They are usually affected by their mother tongues like English and often add some new elements, for instance, add 里after nouns. For example, if the students intend to express “I have lived in Beijing for three years”, they may make sentence as我在北京里住了三年. They add 里to mean the word “in” but it is unnecessary in Chinese.

About 里, foreign learners need to know it is not placed after the names of countries or places in Chinese language. The example should be 我在北京住了三年. Sometimes, they may add 在before nouns like 在北京有很多名胜古迹, which is incorrect because 在is not allowed when the time nouns and locative nouns are placed at the beginning of sentence, function as subject.

The last but not least mistake the students often make is the misuse of words whose meaning is similar. The word 女人is a typical example which often misused as 女士and女人. Since 女士often used in formal occasions, 女士in the sentence 那个老女士蹲在河边洗衣服should be replaced with 女人. a

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