Teachers and students are two main parts in the teaching process. The relationship between them is the fundamental relationship among so many relationships in teaching process. It has a great influence on the realization of the teaching goals and the successful teaching and learning. Whether student is the center or teacher is the center becomes the main question. Teachers in Mandarin learning courses agree with the idea of “teacher-led and student-centered”.
In the Chinese language teaching, teachers play the leading role, which is reflected in the “lead”. Firstly, the teacher is the one who formulating the teaching goals. A certain class has a certain goal to reach. Therefore, teachers should set the goal according to the teaching contents, students’ language level, teaching environment and teaching plan and so on. Teachers in Chinese language school should take the semester teaching plans and the practical situations into consideration.
We just discussed that teachers should flexibly design the plan and goal under the precondition of the whole teaching plan. During the process of students learning Mandarin Chinese, teacher is the organizer of the teaching activity. Teachers decide to take a better measure in teaching. However, the role of teachers and students is not permanent. Students’ principle role will be more important as the levels are improved.
At that time, teachers should vary their teaching methods in Chinese teaching. The followings are several teaching ways as reference. The first method is to learn and practice step by step after teaching. The foreigners who just begin to study Chinese are limited by the Chinese language level. Therefore, they are totally following teachers’ step. After teachers teach a certain point, students learn it and practice it gradually.
Secondly, teachers should attach much importance to the practice. As the students’ ability in Chinese language learning is improving, teachers should teach less but very detailed. For the students, they should practice more and effectively to learn Mandarin better. But still, how to lecture and practice is the key assignment for teachers to design and organize.
What’s more, various activities should be designed in teaching. Students who study in China know that one of the language teaching principles is to put it into practical use. The most effective method to “use” is to design some activities for students to join. By using the learned knowledge and skills, students can improve their language skills in the activities.
All of the three teaching methods are not separated but combined. The only question is just which method is centered in the class teaching. Whatever the method is used, the most important thing is that teachers should organize it perfectly so that the teaching process goes smoothly. Only when teachers use the three methods properly can they improve students’ ability to learn Chinese language.
Teachers play the leading role in Chinese language teaching class because they are those who create and use the teaching methods. The teaching effectiveness and the success of the classroom teaching are greatly decided by the teaching methods and means taken. Generally speaking, when teachers teach Mandarin language, they will experience the following three processes in teaching methods.
The first thing that teachers can do is to absorb more experience from the predecessors. Teaching can be inherited, especially from the advanced teachers. Their rich experience is what teachers should inherit and develop first. Secondly, they should adjust the teaching methods on the basis of absorbing experience and combining their own theories. To help students learn to speak Chinese, teachers should learn experience creatively and form the unique teaching modes and styles.
Last but not least, teachers are the instructors of students’ learning activities. One important function of teachers in teaching is to lead students to learn effectively. In Chinese teaching to foreigners, especially for adults, many teachers neglect the instruction in students’ learning. They all think that the students who study Mandarin Chinese have the experience of learning a second language, so there s no need to instruct.
However, Chinese language is different from other alphabetic languages. Chinese has its own special Pinyin, characters and grammar system. If students learn Mandarin Chinese by the way of learning other alphabetic languages, they will get half the result with twice effort. Therefore, teachers should lead learners to learn by following the characteristics of Chinese language.
In a word, teacher is very important in teaching. Teacher is the one who formulate the teaching goals, organize the teaching process, use the teaching methods and instruct the learning activities. Therefore, teachers should do what they can to help students to learn better.