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Shanxi Province 陕西省

  The northern part of Shanxi is the Huangtu (Loess) Plateau, and the southern part if sht eQin-Ba Hilly Area, while the middle part is the alluvial plain of Wei River. The two water systems of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River are divided fro the Qinling Mountains, which also set a distinctive division of climates between the north and the south of the province along the mountains. The northern part has four distinctive seasons, with a cold winter and hot summer each year, while the southern part has a warm and humid weather, with plenty of rainfall.

      Shanxi Province is one of the important industrial bases in China. The industry of the province is relatively more advanced than China’s other western provinces and autonomous regions.

      Industries with certain scales include machinery, electronics, textile, coal, petrochemical and food with concentration in machinery and textiles. Major minerals include coal, iron, manganese, and phosphor and petroleum. Agriculture includes grain, animal husbandry and sheep.

      The province used to be the most prosperous area within China, especially in the Han (206, BC-AD 220) and Tang (618-907) dynasties, creating advanced social productivity and prime civilization of feudal society prior to that of other countries in the world. It is one the cradles of ancient Chinese civilization and the center of ancient China. Numerous relics have made Shanxi a favorite place for tourists both from home and abroad. Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum and his terracotta army have astonished the country and the whole world and are acclaimed as the Eighth Wonder of the World. UNESO inscribed it on the list of the World Heritage 1987.

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