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Lesson 23 – Elementary – Reduplicated Adjectives and Subject-Predicate Phrase as Predicate

After a short period of Chinese language learning, you may have mastered many useful Chinese words and expressions. But you may also fail to express your feeling when you intend to express it. Therefore, it is essential for the foreign students who just begin to study in intensive Mandarin course in China to know some basic grammar points in Chinese language school. In the following parts, several common and frequently used language points will be explained in order to improve the language skills of the Chinese language learners.

The first point is to indicate the degree with the help of the reduplication of adjectives. It often happens in our daily life to express certain thing of certain degree. Therefore, the reduplication of adjectives might be useful. Some Chinese adjectives can be reduplicated to indicate a higher degree. The reduplicated form for monosyllabic adjectives is A. In the oral Chinese, the second syllable can be retroflexed such as 好好儿、慢慢儿、早早儿and远远儿. For example, yu can say我高高的鼻子,黄黄的头发,中国人一看就知道我是老外.

For the disyllabic adjectives, the reduplicated form is AABB, in which the second syllable may be neutralized with a neutral tone. During the learning process, students can often see the reduplicated forms like高高兴兴、漂漂亮亮and马马虎虎. One thing that the foreign students who go to school to study in China need to know is that 地should be added when a reduplicated disyllabic adjective function as adverbial. For instance, 她高高兴兴地对我说,下个月就要结婚了.

The second point will be explained is the sentence with a subject-predicate phrase as its predicate. When a subject-predicate phrase is used to describe or illustrate something (the subject of the main sentence), it forms a sentence with an S-P predicate. The sentence structure is subject (noun 1) + predicate (subject (noun 2) + verb). Noun 1 in this kind of sentence is often the object of the verb. For examples, 饭我可以不吃,觉我可以不睡,工作我可以不干and我的护照你找到了没有.

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