The language learning itself is a boring process. For some of foreigners who learn Chinese in China, they may think Chinese characters are difficult to remember firmly and Chinese language is very difficult to learn. Actually, most foreign learners feel like this way. In this situation, teachers should take some effective measures to lead students to study step by step with interest. In this article, several leading methods will be introduced to help students’ learning.
Because of the different language characters, some westerners often make some typical mistakes when theylearn Mandarin in China. Therefore, teachers can make full use of these typical mistakes for students to make judgment and analysis and then lead to the new teaching contents. Teachers can first list the mistakes intentionally and then guide into the new teaching points after leading them find the mistakes.
The contents include the words meaning, the similar words in appearance as well as the word formation. For instance, if the teaching point is the word “休息”, teachers can write it as “体息”. After guiding them realize the wrong character “体”, teachers ask students how to write the correct one. In this way, teachers can smoothly lead to study Chinese words “休息” by the wrongly written character “体”.
In order to practice the structure “在+ object+ verb phrase”, teachers can ask students to make sentences with the character “在”. Then, some students in Mandarin learning courses may make some wrong sentences like “我吃饭在食堂” and “我学习汉语在中国”. After leading them find the mistakes, teachers will list the correct sentences as “我在食堂吃饭” and “我在中国学汉语”.
This leading method is not only helpful for students to understand and master the usage of the new points, but also help them improve the ability of finding mistakes. However, for those who just begin to learn Chinese language, they need to practice the boring language contents over and over again. In this case, teachers can apply some interesting and beneficial games to adjust the classroom atmosphere.
For example, teachers can hold the game for words formation relay. Firstly, teachers speak one verb character quickly and students are supposed to make words with the given characters in order. Here are some characters as reference for those who teach in Chinese language school: 查、找、买、吃、喝、带、等、回、看、爬. And then students should do it one by one like: 查字典、找钱、买东西、吃饭、喝茶、带手机、等人、回家、看书、爬山.
In Chinese language, the “把” structure is a difficult and also important point for students to learn. In order to practice students to master this structure when they study Mandarin Chinese, teachers can act some certain movements and ask students to describe them and lead to the sentences with “把”. If students describe “拉窗帘”, “擦黑板” and “关门”, teachers can lead them to “把窗帘拉上”, “把黑板擦了” and “把门关上”.
The foreigners who study in China all know that Chinese tongue twister is a good way to practice Chinese. It is a kind of very popular language art for students. Putting the tongue twister into the class teaching can practice their fluent oral Chinese.
For example, if the teaching point in to learn the character “夸”, there is a perfect tongue twister in Chinese language as a leading material. It goes like this “王婆卖瓜又卖花，一边卖来一边夸，又夸花，又夸瓜，夸瓜大，大夸花，瓜大，花好，笑哈哈”. When learning Mandarin Chinese, students can learn how to use “夸” in Chinese.
Actually, there are many attracting tongue twisters in Chinese language. They are helpful for students tolearn to speak Chinese with great interest. Therefore, students can use more as a way to practice Chinese. But they should realize that some the tongue twisters are very difficult. They should choose properly or it will cause bad effect.
There are three leading methods are introduced all above. Leading by correction helps students understand firmly, leading with games is helpful to gain interest and the tongue twister is beneficial for the oral language.