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Guang Mu Buddhist Pagoda in Ruili City

Ruili is a city in the west of Yunnan province. In Dai language, Ruili is called Limao, meaning the green place covered by thick fog. When you attend to Group Chinese class in China, the teachers would tell you that Ruili city is connected with Burma in three sides. The scenery there is also extraordinary because Ruili River is just like a shinning jade bell and Longchuan River looks like a golden ribbon, both of which surround Ruili in the east and west, making it more fantastic and expressive.

There is a famous golden tower in this beautiful bordering city, the name of which in Dali language is Guang Mu He Mao, meaning the first tower of Ruili city. As early as several hundred years ago, Jianmao area has become the political and economic center of Dai people. Since the introduction of Buddhism, many Dai villages constructed Guang Mu, that is, Buddhist pagoda, the most famous of which should be Jie Le Buddhist Pagoda.

When it comes to the important festivals in Dai calendar like Gan Duo, many Dai villagers from the villages around come to the pagoda to celebrate. Some of the foreign learners who study Mandarin online may also hear that some monks from Burma and Thailand also walk long from their countries to the pagoda to worship. It is said that this pagoda is one of the oldest in Dehong prefecture. After being constructed, it has been repaired for many times after investing large amount of money.

With strong ethnic characteristics, this pagoda shows the unique style and artistic imagination of Dai people, reflecting the architectural conception and artistic achievement of Dai craftsmen in hundreds of years. Guangmu pagoda is the symbol of happiness and auspiciousness in Dai people’s eyes. Therefore, the most popular custom of Dai people in Ruili is that the girl‘s hair should be tied into the form of pagoda, hoping it will bring happiness to the girls.

In addition, the platform of well in each village should be built into the form of pagoda. From these two things, the foreigners who attend to group Mandarin class in China should know the importance of Guang Mu pagoda for Dai people. After hundreds of years‘ weathering, it has been reconstructed in 1983 and it is under the national protection at present. 

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