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Explaining Application of Verbs in Mandarin in Detail

During the process that the overseas students are acquiring Chinese language, the mistakes in the aspect of using verbs is not only various in types but also large in number. Therefore, much attention needs to be paid to the teaching of the verbs in Chinese language. The first thing that the teachers in Chinese language school need to know is to explain the application conditions of verbs in detail. When explaining the using situations of the verbs, it is not proper for the teachers to explain so widely.

Teachers need not only tell the students whether the verbs can take objects, but also make use of a large number of examples to tell students the specificity of the objects. For example, you can tell the students it is the nominal object or the verbal object. For those verbs with limited objects, the detailed explanation seems much more importance. In addition, if the verbs can be reduplicated, teachers should not only tell them this point but also tell the form of reduplication like AAB or ABAB.

For example, when explaining the word 打消, if teachers just tell the students 打消 can take object, students may make mistakes like 我们打消了比赛. However, as a matter of fact, just as some of the students who study Chinese know, the object of 打消is very limited and the most frequently used are 打消念头、疑问、顾虑and怀疑. If the explanation is not detailed enough, students will make the mistake like 我爸爸特别讲究吃饭which should be 我爸爸特别讲究饮食.

At the same time, for those verbs do not take objects but related to another object, it is better for teachers to make it as firm structure for students to remember like 给 + 某人 + 让座and请 + 某人 + 的 + 客. Otherwise, it is possible for students to make mistake like 她结婚了我哥哥which should be 她跟我哥哥结婚了. Of course, the distinguishing of the verbs with the similar meanings or similar forms is also important to make sure the students can use the proper words in corresponding context. And another point should be the teaching of the reduplication form of verbs. 

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