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Lesson 11 – Advanced – Several Groups of Advanced Words’ Distinguishing in Chinese Reading Exercises

The improvement of reading skills is important for those foreigners who learn Chinese in China. Reading is no longer just an access to get more information. It gradually becomes a helpful way to learn some language point by varying the forms.

In the reading passages, some missing words should be completed by choosing from the given ones. In this situation, students who study Chinese are supposed to be familiar with the application of some Chinese words and understand the general meaning of the passages.

This beneficial reading form provided for foreigners to learn Mandarin is like the following one.
1老年看病难, 问题不是医生和医院少,而是某些方面的 不合理,或者说老办法已经不能适应变化了的新情况,既 了医院和医生的积极性,又给老人看病 了许多困难。
A重要 规则 限定 增加 C主要 规定 限制 增添
B重点 规矩 限期 增长 D关键 规章 限度 增进

Each answer provided for the blanks is totally different. To find the right answer, teachers in qualified Mandarin program will tell you to distinguish the simple one group of words. As four options are different, you will get the right answer if you can just finish filling one blank.

Let’s pay our attention to the last blank. Students learn Mandarin in China know their meanings but hard to tell apart. Actually, the obvious difference is the objects. The object of “增加” is quantity and that of “增添” is often abstract thing like difficulty, fun or trouble. “增长” takes the object of knowledge and “增进” takes friendship or understanding. So we choose answer B.

2 一本能得到读者 的书,必须要有自己的 ,同时得再实用性上 功夫。图书销售人员 ,一些反响不错的书都是如此。比如《妈妈的心有多高》是“沟通亲情的解惑书”,面对的是学生和家长
A喜爱 特点 有 反应 C喜欢 特征 尽 反馈
B青睐 特色 下 反映 D爱好 特性 发 反感

When students come across the exercise like this in the process of learning Mandarin Chinese, they may feel confusing. But they can keep some commonly used collocation in daily life. For the third blank, if they know “下” and “功夫” are set structures, it is not difficult to find the answer. So we choose answer C.

3 看来厂商生产 产品,商店经营 产品,不能 自己的兴趣进行选择,而应站在消费者的 上,根据消费者的需求进行改变
A那些 那些 任 地方 C哪些 哪些 感 角度
B什么 什么 凭 立场 D何种 何种 以 位置

It seems to drive the learners who study in China crazy when they meet this exercise because all given answers are suitable for the first two blanks. The third blank is the key point to solve this problem. “凭” means “based on” or “according to”, so we should follow the context and use “凭…兴趣”. So we choose answer C.

4以前,在一个人出现 表现后,人们 认为是个性、脾气不同,而 了情绪、心理的影响。据统计,在同仁医院心理门诊来咨询的人中,有60%到70%的人都是由于情绪的变化,心理不能 过大的压力而引发心理疾病的。
A异常 往往 忽略 承受 C超常 常常 忽视 接受
B寻常 经常 轻视 接纳 D反常 平常 蔑视 承接

When you attend to Chinese school in China, teachers will tell you a skill. If you feel confused about two answers just leave them alone and move attention to the ones you can clearly tell apart. This is really helpful.

“承受” means “to bear or endure”, often related to pressure. “接受” indicates “to accept”. “接纳” often implies “to receive and admit”. However, “承接” is to carry on or continue. With the detailed explanation, foreigners who learn to speak Chinese can feel the big differences. So “承受” is suitable to collocate with “心理压力”. So we choose answer A.

5 是居家过日子, 在工作学习中发生一些鸡毛蒜皮的小事,因为是家人、熟人,所以我们说话常不注意分寸,即使明知这话不宜多说,也认为无所谓, 对方不会多计较。 这是大错特错了。作为性情中人,谁都会有喜欢的和不喜欢的、爱听的和不爱听的。
A无论 或者 如果 那么 C不管 都 只要 就
B哪怕 也 因为 所以 D不论 还是 反正 其实

This exercise aims at testing whether learners master the application of the conjunctive words when theylearn Chinese language in China. The former part describes two parallel conditions, so we should use ”不论” and “还是”. “反正” often used to express the result remain unchanged whatever happened. “其实” expresses the adversative relation. So D is right.

There is no enough time for learners to think too much in doing exercise. The most important for doing this kind of exercise is to exclude the wrong answers by telling apart the groups that are easy to distinguish. 

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